Treatment is targeted to slow down the disease process and to improve quality of life. They include drug therapy and various psychological and social interventions. Medications are given for patients with mild to moderate cognitive impairment. Patients who will see an improvement are usually have a MMSE (Minimental state examination) score of above 21/30. Giving drugs to patients with less than 12/30 value is useless. Improvement is mostly seen when the drugs are given for the patients with above 21/30 MMSE. Therefore, it is important to diagnose dementia early.
However drugs can have various side effects. Following are some of the drugs prescribed for dementia and their side effects.
1. Memantin (Namenda®) side effects
2. Rivastigmine (Exelon®) side effects
3. Donepezil (Aricept®) side effects
4. Effects of Antipsychotics on dementia
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Mental health information blog