Librium is the generic name of Chlordiazepoxide. It is benzodiazepine class medication similar to Diazepam or Valium. Librium is mainly used for treating alcohol withdrawal. It acts via activating GABA type A receptors in the brain. In addition, Librium is the first benzodiazepine to hit the market.
What is alcohol withdrawal?
Even though alcohol is a simple molecule, it acts on various brain receptors. One important receptor that it acts is GABA type A receptor. It activates GABA type A receptor. Prolonged use of alcohol can cause adaptive changes in this receptor which makes the person addicted to alcohol. When such a person stops taking alcohol, he may experience very drastic withdrawal response. This withdrawal response can even be life threatening. Since Librium is acting on the GABA type receptor, it can be used to alleviate withdrawal response and give time to the brain to adapt.
How Librium is given for alcohol withdrawal?
Librium is usually started in a high dose and then gradually the dose will be tailed off. Common doses to start with are (30mgs 6hrly, 20mg 6hrly). Then the dose is gradually reduced until the withdrawal features are disappeared. It usually takes one to two weeks to completely detoxify alcohol dependent person. However, his/her craving for the alcohol will not subside with Librium. It needs careful psychotherapy.
Problems associated with Librium?
Librium can cause drowsiness, sedation, cognitive impairment, and ataxia. Due to this reason a Person who is on Librium should not operate machinery or drive vehicles. But they can do these tasks once he/she is off drugs for more than a week, so the drug is cleared from the body.
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